Research / Technical

Control of Bistable Antiferromagnetic States for Spintronics

Scientists from MPI CPfS, in collaboration with colleagues from National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, National Cheng Kung University, and National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center in Taiwan as well as from Hiroshima University in Japan, have used strained engineering on multiferroic BiFeO3 (BFO) thin films, to fabricate bistable antiferromagnetic states at room temperature for the first time.

These two antiferromagnetic states are non-volatile and very close to each other in energy, which was verified by soft x-ray linear dichroism spectroscopy. Moreover, these two non-volatile antiferromagnetic states can be reversibly switched by a moderate magnetic field and a non-contact optical approach. The team stressed that the conductivity of the two antiferromagnetic domains is drastically different.

Read the full story Posted: May 02,2022

Researchers' new understanding of spin dynamics shows promise for spintronics devices

A team of scientists from the Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS), in collaboration with TU Wien, Austria, the French national synchrotron facility (SOLEIL) and other international partners, has reported a breakthrough in understanding how spin evolves in extremely short time scales - one millionth of one billionth of a second.

So far, studies on the subject strongly relied on limited access large X-ray facilities such as free-electron lasers and synchrotrons. The team demonstrates, for the first time, a tabletop ultrafast soft X-ray microscope to spatio-temporally resolve the spin dynamics inside rare earth materials, which are promising for spintronic devices.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 26,2022

Researchers visualize spin angular momentum in water waves

An international team that included scientists from Japan's RIKEN and the Australian National University have shown that Water waves can be used to visualize fundamental concepts, such as spin angular momentum, that arise in relativistic field theory. This could help to provide new insights into different wave systems.

Field theory spin and momentum in water waves image

The spin of an electron is usually described as the electron spinning on its axis, similar to a spinning top. However, this is a simplistic explanation and a fuller description of spin is more abstract. Now, Konstantin Bliokh of the RIKEN Theoretical Quantum Physics Laboratory and his team have shown that spin can appear as small circular motions of water particles in water waves.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 24,2022

Researchers find that graphene-on-chromia heterostructures show potential for spintronic devices

University of Nebraska-Lincoln's scientist Christian Binek and University at Buffalo's Jonathan Bird and Keke He have teamed up to develop the first magneto-electric transistor.

Along with curbing the energy consumption of any microelectronics that incorporate it, the team's design could reduce the number of transistors needed to store certain data by as much as 75%, said Nebraska physicist Peter Dowben, leading to smaller devices. It could also lend those microelectronics steel-trap memory that remembers exactly where its users leave off, even after being shut down or abruptly losing power.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 22,2022

Researchers discover new Fermi arcs that could be the future of spintronics

A team of researchers from Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University, as well as collaborators from the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom, have reported on new Fermi arcs that can be controlled through magnetism and could be the future of electronics based on electron spins.

During the team's investigation of the rare-earth monopnictide NdBi (neodymium-bismuth), thet discovered a new type of Fermi arc that appeared at low temperatures when the material became antiferromagnetic, i.e., neighboring spins point in opposite directions. Fermi surfaces in metals are a boundary between energy states that are occupied and unoccupied by electrons. Fermi surfaces are normally closed contours forming shapes such as spheres, ovoids, etc. Electrons at the Fermi surface control many properties of materials such as electrical and thermal conductivity, optical properties, etc. In extremely rare occasions, the Fermi surface contains disconnected segments that are known as Fermi arcs and often are associated with exotic states like superconductivity.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 02,2022

Scientists find an exotic 'multiferroic' state in a 2D material

Scientists from MIT, Arizona State University, National Institute for Materials Science in Tsukuba, Université de Liège in Belgium and Italy's CNR-SPIN have discovered an exotic "multiferroic" state in a material that is as thin as a single layer of atoms.

Their observation is the first to confirm that multiferroic properties can exist in a perfectly two-dimensional material. The findings could pave the way for developing smaller, faster, and more efficient data-storage devices built with ultrathin multiferroic bits, as well as other new nanoscale structures.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 28,2022

Researchers make strides in graphene spintronics

Researchers at The University of Manchester and Japan's National Institute for Materials Science seem to have made a significant step towards quantum computing, demonstrating step-change improvements in the spin transport characteristics of nanoscale graphene-based electronic devices.

Tunable Spin Injection in High-Quality Graphene image

The team used monolayer graphene encapsulated by another 2D material (hexagonal boron nitride) in a so-called van der Waals heterostructure with one-dimensional contacts. This architecture was reported to deliver an extremely high-quality graphene channel, reducing the interference or electronic ‘doping’ by traditional 2D tunnel contacts.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 11,2022

Researchers study the mechanisms for detecting circularly polarized light using spin photodiodes

An international collaboration involving the Irradiated Solids Laboratory at EPFL has published a paper detailing the mechanisms for detecting circularly polarized light using spin-optoelectronic devices called spin photodiodes.

"In this work, we combined spintronics with optics. This is spin-optoelectronics," explains Henri-Jean Drouhin, co-author of the study published and head of the 'Physics and Chemistry of Nano-objects' group at the Irradiated Solids Laboratory (LSI). Light particles, photons, also have a spin. This spin manifests itself in the fact that light can be right- or left-handed circularly polarized (which means that the electric field of the light winds to the right or left like a helix in the direction of propagation of the photons). When this light hits the device designed by the researchers, photons can excite electrons in the material. The spin of these electrons then adopts a preferential direction that depends on the photon spin. Knowing how to selectively extract the electrons therefore makes it possible to obtain information on the polarization of the incident light, making these devices 'spin photodiodes', in contrast to conventional photodiodes that measure the intensity of the light.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 05,2022

Researchers detect thermal-magnetic flow with a diamond-based quantum sensor

Researchers from Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Kyoto University and the National Institute for Materials Science in Japan have detected energetic magnons in yttrium iron garnet (YIG), a magnetic insulator, by using a quantum sensor based on diamond with NV centers.

Nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) centers in diamond, basically a point defect consisting of a nitrogen atom paired with an adjacent lattice vacancy, have emerged as a key for high-resolution quantum sensors. It has been demonstrated that N-V centers can detect coherent magnon. However, detecting the thermally excited magnons by heat using N-V centers is difficult since the thermal magnons have much higher energy than the spin state of N-V centers, limiting their interaction.

Read the full story Posted: Jan 30,2022

Multi-functional “quantum detergent” for spintronic applications

An international team of researchers, led by the National Research Council (CNR), IOM institute in Trieste, Italy, and the Departments of Chemistry at Princeton University, Louisiana State University and Rutgers University in United States, has relied in a joint venture between theorists, experimentalists and sample growers across chemistry and physics to study the magnetic and electronic properties of EuSn2P2, a magnetic topological insulator composed of Europium, Tin, and Phosphorus arranged in a layer-by-layer crystalline structure.

The understanding and the interplay of magnetism and high-order topology in a quantum material is one of the most challenging research directions in materials science, holding potentialities for future spintronics applications, where the spin carried by an electron, being an essential quantum entity, could be manipulated and used as information carrier in a device and/or as a single quantum bit of information.

Read the full story Posted: Jan 23,2022